Above all else, consistency is key. Be sure to follow whichever style is most appropriate and stick to it. As you're writing out titles, learn more about which words should be capitalized with Rules for Capitalization in Titles. You'll be well on your way to citation mastery!
Chicago Manual of Style Chicago - one of the most well-known formats, followed in a wide variety of disciplines from publishing to science. All formats except AP recommend the following titles should be in italics: Ballets, Operas, Symphonies Cartoons Comic strips Exhibitions at a museum Paintings Sculptures Ships Aircraft and spacecraft Books Plays Pamphlets Newspapers Magazines Journals Films Albums All formats except APA recommend that the following titles should be placed in quotation marks: Book chapters Names of video games Single episodes of TV and radio shows Unpublished writing such as manuscripts or lectures Album tracks or singles Podcast episodes Short stories and poems APA differs from other formats in that it doesn't use quotation marks or italics for titles of shorter works, such as essays that are in collections, lectures, or journal articles.
MLA and Chicago agree on most citation styles, but do diverge on some points: In MLA the titles of online databases should be italicized; Chicago style says to set those in regular type.
In MLA all websites should be italicized while Chicago style says they should be in regular type. When Not to Use Italics or Quotation Marks There are certain titles of things that all style guides agree should not be in italics or quotation marks. These titles should always be set in regular type: Scriptures of major religions Constitutional documents Legal documents Traditional games such as football, hopscotch or blackjack Software Commercial products such as Cocoa Puffs Awards Political documents Names of artifacts Names of buildings Italicizing is easy to do on the computer, but not practical when you are hand writing something.
Consistency Is Key By practicing the above rules for using italics and quotation marks in titles, you'll find it becomes easier with practice. YourDictionary definition and usage example.
Link to this page. Using Italics and Quotation Marks in Titles. In YourDictionary. Using Italics and Quotation Marks in Titles By YourDictionary It can be confusing to know when you should be using italics and quotation marks in titles. Related articles on YourDictionary When to Italicize. How to Use Quotation Marks.
Join YourDictionary today. Words as reproductions of sound. Thus the bees buzz but go bzzzz and dogs bark woof! His head hit the stairs with a sick krthunk! Use them with care, however; overuse of italics and quotation marks is often seen as affected and patronizing.
Do italicize them otherwise, whether real or fictional. Italics are used in certain disciplines for various specific purposes. Here are two of the commoner ones.
Note that a genus name always has a capital letter, while a species name never does. In the law, the names of legal cases are italicized. Example:The famous case of Brown vs.
Board of Education was a landmark in American legal history. Special note: If you have a sentence containing a phrase which would normally go into italics, and if for some reason the entire sentence needs to be italicized, the the phrase that would normally be in italics goes into ordinary roman type instead.
So, if for some reason my last example sentence needs to be italicized, the result looks like this: The famous case of B rown v. Direct quotations. Use a set of quotation marks to enclose each direct quotation included in your writing. Use a capital letter with the first word of a direct quotation of a whole sentence. Do not use a capital letter with the first word of a direct quotation of part of a sentence. If the quotation is interrupted and then continues in your sentence, do not capitalize the second part of the quotation. Do not use quotation marks for indirect quotations.
Example: According to their statement to the local papers, the Allens refuse to use pesticide because of potential water pollution. When in doubt, check copyright law. Quotation within a quotation.
How to properly write titles using italics and quotation marks are questions a lot of works including chapters, articles, songs, short stories, essays, poems, short. Italics You are here. Quotation Marks, Underscore, Resources . Titles of short or minor works, such as songs, short stories, essays, short poems, one-act plays.
Use single quotation marks for a quotation enclosed inside another quotation. For example:. Omitted words in a quotation.
If you leave words out of a quotation, use an ellipsis mark to indicate the omitted words. If you need to insert something within a quotation, use a pair of brackets to enclose the addition.
Use quotation marks for the titles of minor works short poems, short stories, etc. Use quotation marks for:. Titles of short or minor works , such as songs, short stories, essays, short poems, one-act plays, and other literary works that are shorter than a three-act play or a complete book. Titles of parts of larger works , such as chapters in books; articles in newspapers, magazines, journals, or other periodical publications; and episodes of television and radio series. But: Use italics for titles of major works or of works that contain smaller segments such as books; plays of three or more acts; newspapers, magazines, journals, or other periodical publications; films; and television and radio series.
See italics above. Use quotation marks to indicate words used ironically, with reservations, or in some unusual way. For words used as words themselves or for technical or unfamiliar terms used for the first time and defined , use italics. Punctuation with Quotation Marks. Use a comma to introduce a quotation after a standard dialogue tag, a brief introductory phrase, or a dependent clause. While members of European cultures meet and shake hands as a gesture of greeting, members of Asian cultures bow to indicate respect. Put commas and periods within closing quotation marks, except when a parenthetical reference follows the quotation.
Note: When parenthetical information falls within the closing punctuation, the information is shown to pertain only to that sentence. He also noted that such policy was foolish in the extreme. Put colons and semicolons outside closing quotation marks. Put a dash, question mark, or exclamation point within closing quotation marks when the punctuation applies to the quotation itself and outside when it applies to the whole sentence.
We won! Unnecessary Quotation Marks. Do not put quotation marks around the titles of your essays.
Do not use quotation marks for common nicknames, bits of humor, technical terms that readers are likely to know, and trite or well-known expressions. Unless your professor or publisher insists, use underscoring only for creating live links. Underlining was used back in the time of typewriters because they only had one basic font face to work with. Publishers with multiple fonts at their disposal always had and employed italics and boldface where appropriate.
Now that almost all of you are working digitally, you can use those multiple font faces and sizes as appropriate.